ISSN 2550-6722 online version



Guidelines to authors

The Editorial Committee will accept articles whose themes are related to scientific research works, bibliographic reviews, reflections, and discussions. The articles must not be signed by more than four authors. The rest of the participants must appear in the ACKNOWLEDGMENTS section, which must be included between the final text and the bibliographical references.

Structure and content of an article to be sent to Chakiñan Journal

The format of the WORD template is mandatory for authors who are interested in sending their manuscripts to Chakiñan Magazine. The Editor Committee highlights that, in case of not fulfilling each one of the norms stipulated below, the manuscript could be rejected in the first instance.

Chakiñan journal accepts four types of articles, namely: research, de bibliographic review, de reflection y de discussion. The type of article must be indicated in the second line of the WORD template . A common organizational structure is established, based on the IMRD format (Introduction, Methodology, Results, and Discussion). This is complemented with the title, summary, keywords, conclusions, and bibliographic references to make up the article.

With the intention of facilitating the work of the authors, the content of each one of the parts is described below in a brief synthesis:

  • TITLE. It must be a phrase that contains the main concepts and ideas of the article. It must be meaningful and concise, with a maximum of 15 words. It must contain the essential terms of the article, it must not be a double-meaning phrase, literary phrase, a stanza of a song, etc. It should not contain abbreviations or symbols, except on mathematical and chemical articles, where sometimes it is inevitable. In this regard, several authors advise to elaborate the title from the objective, to guarantee the discursive coherence and the link with the main scientific result.
  • ABSTRACT. It constitutes a synthesis of the article. It is very important because it is what appears in the bibliographic databases and what moves the reader to continue reading and to quote or not the article. Its content should include a brief reference on the importance of the study carried out and the context of the research, (why was it done?), the objective of the research that gave rise to the article (what for?), the methodology used (how was the study executed?) and the main result that was achieved (what was its impact?). It is written in a single paragraph; basically, condenses the content of the work and does not include citations. Chakiñan accepts a maximum of 200 words in the abstract.
  • KEYWORDS. The keywords usually contain from three to five words or short phrases, which condense the most important topics presented in the article. To choose keywords, the words a user would employ to find an article through a search engine must be thought. These names must be chosen according to the terms utilized in the professional environment of the subject matter and must be in a natural and frequently used language; therefore, "new." words should not be used (words proposed to describe new algorithms, products, theories, so forth.) These words are used by the bibliographic services to classify the investigative work under a particular index or topic. They facilitate the inclusion of the manuscript in international databases and are utilized by search engines such as PsycINFO, Google Scholar, among others, to find articles with specific topics. In this way, a paper with the right keywords can be easily found through these databases. For this reason, in the case of Social Sciences and Humanities, the selection of keywords should be governed by Descriptors such as the UNESCO Thesaurus, the OECD Macrothesaurus Chapter Headings, or the one established by the Latin American Council of Social Sciences (CLACSO) . The title, summary, and keywords are sources of information for retrieving papers in the databases. .
  • INTRODUCTION. ("what starts badly, badly ends", Eurípides). In this part, you should give an answer to the basic questions: Why this work, study or research has been done? and what is the problem that must be solved? So, the background and the current state of a problematic situation must be explained, with brief annotations on the state of the art, where the author must declare if they assume a theory that fundaments the work, as well as the author of the used theory. Also, it should be explained if the article constitutes a theoretical perspective, a discovery or scientific contribution, mentioning the main objective which originated the article and its importance. The introduction will be brief, with a maximum extension of 10% of the total article. It must contain relevant references; however, it should not include data or conclusions.
  • METHODOLOGY. ("The preparation of a scientific article has less to do with literary talent than with the organization", Robert A. Day). This section answers the question: How was the problem studied? For Chakiñan magazine, in this part, it is considered important that the author declares the type of article in question (research, bibliographic review, reflection, and discussion). If it is a research article, the author must specify the type of research that is used as the basis for the article, to which paradigm it responds, the type of design used, (making reference, in all cases, to the source used for the classification), where the research was carried out, the size of the population and sample, type and technique of sampling used and instruments for the collection, analysis and processing of data. In addition, for any type of article, it must be explained how the study was carried out, what order, what logic or procedure was followed, what methodology was used, according to the theory or theoretical support, with what materials, experiences, studies and methods. It is a very important section because it allows other researchers to reproduce, in other contexts, the study carried out.
  • RESULTS AND DISCUSSION. ("The fool collects facts, the wise select them", John Wesley Powell); ("If you are going to describe the truth, leave elegance to the tailor", Albert Einstein). The extension of this part is approximately 70% of the total article. In the magazine, Chakiñan, Results, and Discussion form a unique section that contains the essence of the article, the main scientific result that was expressed as an aspiration in the objective. It answers the questions: what was found? what do these findings mean? They can be data, interpretations, comments, which in any case have a clear and concise and can be presented in the form of lists, tables, graphs, and images, whose data must be explained in the text. When the research work consists of comparing your own results with those obtained by other authors, the origin of the compared data must be clearly indicated. When statistical analysis is included, the results must be clearly established between which variables the statistical difference exists. In addition, the meaning of the results obtained as described, in the context of what is known about the subject under investigation. It must be discussed whether the proposed hypothesis is formulated, is verified or rejected. Emphasis should be placed on the new and possibly important findings of the study. The limitations of the experimental methods should be discussed, as well as the possible implications for future research. When appropriate, the clinical relevance of the results should be included. In this part, the results obtained should be compared with those reported by other similar investigations.
  • CONCLUSIONS.They express the synthesis of the main result obtained by the research or study process carried out. They are a consequence of them and therefore the conclusions are directly related to the stated objective. In no case, the statements of principles or truths are established before the study, but derivated from it.
  • DECLARATION OF CONFLICTS OF INTERESTS. The authors must declare that there is no conflict of interest (COI), which may have influenced the presented results. For this, authors must comply with the respective guideline included in the submission preparation checklist that appears in the make a submission section on the website of this journal. The authors must communicate in a written form whether there is any personal or financial relationship between the authors of the manuscript and people or public or private entities, from which a possible conflict of interest (COI) could derive. This antecedent must be highly valued because the disrespect thereof could improperly influence the appreciation of a manuscript. A potential conflict of interest (COI) may arise from different types of past or present relationships, such as: being employed by the organization referred to in the manuscript. Consulting services in which the author(s) intervened and through which the data were obtained. Ownership of shares, remuneration, a testimony of a paid expert, applications/registrations for patents and scholarships or other financing and others, that could provoke an unintended bias in the research work of the signatories of the manuscript. Authors must declare conflicts of interests at two different times and in different parts related to the manuscript submission process:
    1. A summary of the conflict of interest (COI). If there is no conflict of interest, «DECLARATION OF CONFLICTS OF INTEREST must be reported: The authors assert that they have no conflicts of interest.». If there is a conflict of interest, it must be declared. In case of acceptance of the manuscript, this declaration will be published in conjunction with the paper.
    2. Mark the named item in the Submission Preparation Checklist "In the manuscript, there is no Conflict of Interest (COI), or if it exists, the COI has been duly declared." Potential Conflicts of Interests must be declared on both sides.
    The non-declaration of Conflicts of Interests (COI) may lead to the immediate rejection of a manuscript. If an undisclosed conflict of interest (COI) comes to light after publication, the Chakiñan Journal will take action following the COPE guidelines, and will issue a public notification to the community.

    What does a Conflict of Interest consist of? There is a possible conflict of interest when a researcher, author, editor, or reviewer has any opinion or financial/personal interest that could affect their objectivity, or inappropriately influence their actions, compromising trust in the research and spreading biased results. The Conflicts of Interests (COI) constitute conditions in which the professional judgment about the primary interest (publication of an article), can be influenced by a secondary interest of financial, professional, or personal nature. So, these interests can bias the generation of a complete, objective, and highly-qualified manuscript (any of the four types mentioned early), peer review, or the decision making during the editorial process. Presenting all Conflicts of Interest is a requirement to contribute to transparency in research. The declaration of COI does not imply that scientific misconduct exists or has existed. The non-declaration of the COI may lead to the immediate rejection of a manuscript. If an undisclosed conflict of interest comes to light after publication, the Chakiñan journal will take action following the COPE guidelines and issue a public notification to the community.

  • BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES. ("Texts containing innumerable references reveal more insecurity than erudition", William C. Roberts). The citations that have been included in the article should give rise to the List of references at the end of it, that is, there should not be a work in the Bibliographic References to which does not correspond an appointment in the text. Both the citations and the list of references must follow the rules and bibliographic style APA6, in the version recommended by the magazine Chakiñan in the corresponding links to each type of article. In contrast, the bibliography cited in the body of the text will be referenced as follows (Author year: page number). Example (Jijón and Caamaño 1929: 128). To facilitate the work, you can use some specific software that allows you to capture, store, order and export citations and bibliographies in the desired format, among the most used "bibliography managers" are: RefWorks, EndNote, Zotero, and Mendeley. Citations are traffic elements that can lead to reading your article. If citations of relatively important articles have been used, those articles will appear indexed and will have their "cited by" lists, that are often consulted. But if the citations that are made of an article are irrelevant, they can damage the scientific image of the author, reason why it is necessary to choose with great care the articles to consult and to cite.
  • Common rules for all types of manuscripts:

    • Manuscripts must be tethered to the format of the provided WORD template (the Editorial Committee will reject manuscripts that are not submitted in the template as mentioned earlier and do not comply with all the rules described there)
    • Neither footnotes nor any other description of the authors will be used.
    • The tables must be included in the WORD format and be simple; if necessary, they can be in JPEG or PNG format with sufficient quality and must be referenced in the text near their position. No more than ten figures will be accepted between tables and images.
    • The maximum length of each manuscript should not exceed 8,000 words and a minimum of 4,000, including figures, tables, and bibliographical references. Papers that are not included in any of the four accepted formats or are below 4,000 words will not be accepted. The Editorial Board will study the exceptional case of the manuscript that exceeds 8,000 words.
    • The maximum allowable size of the manuscript with all its components (text and images) will be 10 Mb.
    • The figures and tables must be sent, inserted in the text, in the place that each author considers appropriate; these tables and figures must be referenced within the text in their corresponding position. Also, a single file will be sent with a compressed folder in which all figures in JPG or PNG format are included; figures easily identifiable (figure number in the file name) and with acceptable quality.
    • Once the paper has been reviewed and approved by the blind evaluating peers, it will be edited in PDF. Before the paper is published, a print test in the PDF final format will be sent to each author. The authors must give their consent to the latest edition, and once authorized; the paper may be published.
    • Bibliographic citations must be included in the text in parentheses with the following format (Last name, author, year: page/s). For example: (Jijón and Caamaño, 1929: 57). The inserted bibliography of the text should be listed in the references section, sorted alphabetically, and chronologically according to the last names of authors. In the case of citing several books or articles by the same author, these references will be organized from the oldest to the most recent. The APA standards version 6 will be used for bibliographical references at the end of the investigative work.
    • Bold or underlined should not be used, either throughout the text or in bibliographic citations. The use of italics will be allowed only to indicate scientific names or for parts of the text or words that are written in a language other than the original manuscript. Demonyms, proper names, and place names should not be italicized.
    • Initial capital letters will be utilized in proper names, geographical features, rivers, continents, countries, etc. The names of phases or periods, cultures, types, etc., are also written with an initial capital letter. Directional terms are only capitalized if they are abbreviated (N, S, SE).
    • The numbers employed in the text are expressed in words if the value is from zero to nine. If the values are higher than nine, they will be written with numerical characters. The values expressed in numerical characters with more than three digits end in a period instead of thousandths (E.g., 3,000). Ordinal numbers are always written in words (E.g., first), except in the case of centuries, which are written in Roman numerals (For instance: IV century). The measurements must be in Arabic numeric characters and the abbreviated metric system, without a dot and leaving a space between the number and the abbreviation (E.g., 20 cm).
    • Text citations of less than 40 words are integrated into the paragraph of the text, highlighted by quotation marks (E.g., ""). Only simple inverted commas will be used to indicate a citation within another. At the end of the quote, authors must always indicate (Last name, year: page number). Moreover, square brackets are utilized to indicate text added by the author within the citation.
    • Textual quotes of more than 40 words are in a separate paragraph, with font size 11 and indentation for the entire section. At the end of the quote, authors must always indicate (Last name, year: page number).
    • References included in the text, when dealing with more than three authors, will be shown with the last name of the first author, followed by et al. Authors are advised to use id. (the same) and ibid. (right there) or op. cit. (cited investigative work) to avoid repetition of quotations.
    • All references cited in the text should be included in the final bibliography, which will follow the 6th APA standards format. References Cited in the text, the notes, the titles of the figures and the tables should also be included. Bibliographic references are sorted alphabetically, and, in case of being several articles or books by the same author, the bibliography will be organized chronologically. Anything other than tables will appear named as a figure, without abbreviation (E.g., Figure 1). The text with the figure number must be at the top. The source from which it comes is indicated at the bottom with the source term (E.g., Source:).
  • Copyright notice

    Responsibility of the authors: The authors are responsible for the ideas and data collected in the manuscripts. They are additionally accountable for the fidelity of the information, the correction of the citations, the right to publish any material included in the text, and the presentation of the manuscript in the format required by the Journal (web template). A manuscript forwarded to CHAKIÑAN must not have been published before, nor must it have been submitted to another means of publication.

    Copyright: Published articles do not necessarily compromise the viewpoint of the CHAKIÑAN JOURNAL. The Journal is aligned to the policy of the license of Creative Commons Recognition-NonCommercial 4.0 International. Each author retains the right to the paper published in the Chakiñan journal.


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