ISSN 2550-6722 online version



Approach and Scope

The CHAKIÑAN Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities emerges as a space for debate, on a four-monthly basis, between researchers and scientists, arbitrated, of an international nature and dependent on the Faculty of Education, Human Sciences and Technologies, of the Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo (Riobamba, Ecuador).

Of open access, the subject areas of the CHAKIÑAN journal embrace all original research related to Social Sciences and Humanities, giving continuity to the research lines approved by UNACH for the following UNESCO fields: Social and Behavioral Sciences (political sciences, sociology, anthropology, ethnography, demography, geography, psychology, peace studies, human rights) and Humanities (education, arts, fine arts, graphic and audiovisual arts, design, crafts, living and dead languages, regional studies, literature, linguistics, history, archeology, philosophy). This journal aims to serve the national and international community with innovative, high quality, and non-profit research. External evaluators are required to the entity for the arbitration system, in the double-blind, peer-review modality of the papers received.


Editorial Process

The dispatch, reception, and procedure of scientific papers are completely free. In all cases, once a manuscript has been received (which must be forwarded in the WORD template provided by the CHAKIÑAN website), the document goes through a first revision of the Editorial Board to see whether it meets the editorial standards. Subsequently, it is sent to a review carried out by external blind peers, a process that should not exceed four weeks. The reviewers will communicate their decision in the format required by the journal, which can be accepted, accepted with modifications, or rejected. If the manuscript is accepted, it goes on to the editing and layout process. If the article is admitted with changes, it will be forwarded to the author(s) to correct the changes mentioned above. If the author(s) has or have made the required changes, they will proceed to the editing and layout process. If the article is rejected by the two reviewers as mentioned earlier, it will be returned to the author(s) explaining the reasons. In any case, the papers selection process, including all steps, must not exceed four months (120 days). Once the final manuscripts have been accepted and sketched out, they will be sent to the author(s), so that they can give their approval in the publication format (print test).

An author may neither publish more than one article in the same volume of the journal (nor as co-author). Furthermore, it will be neither possible for the corresponding author to publish in consecutive volumes (nor as a co-author).


Statement of Ethics and Negligence

Based on the Code of Conduct formulated by the committee on publication ethics (COPE, 2008), the Chakiñan journal expresses its statement of ethics and negligence, which constitutes its ethical Code for editors, reviewers, and authors, in turn, it establishes the following aspects for each of the mentioned roles:


    Originality: Original and unpublished research will be accepted. The Chakiñan journal uses the Urkund software to detect levels of similarity in the received manuscripts, so that all manuscripts will be reviewed with this method, accepting a maximum of 10% of similarities.

    Multiple or repetitive publications: Authors should not publish the same article, or the same results, in more than one journal, while the editorial process lasts.

    Sources: Authors should provide the correct list of sources utilized in their manuscript.

    Authorship: It is declared considering that all the authors have contributed significantly to the research work, and the order of the authors is established based on the level of contribution in the conceptualization, elaboration, interpretation, and drafting of the manuscript.

    In the event of changing an author or including new authors, once the manuscript arbitration process has begun, the Editorial Team of the Chakiñan journal will proceed according to the COPE ethical code. Intellectual property rights rest with the authors.

    Conflict of interest and disclosure: The authors must declare that there is no conflict of interest (COI), which may have influenced the presented results . For this, authors must pursue the guideline included in the submission preparation checklist that appears in the make a submission section, on the website of this journal.

    The authors must communicate in a written form whether there is any personal or financial relationship between the authors of the manuscript and people or public or private entities, from which a possible conflict of interest (COI) could derive. This antecedent must be highly valued because the disrespect thereof could improperly influence the appreciation of a manuscript.

    A potential conflict of interest (COI) may arise from different types of past or present relationships, such as: being employed by the organization referred to in the manuscript. Consulting services in which the author(s) intervened and through which the data were obtained. Ownership of shares, remuneration, a testimony of a paid expert, applications/registrations for patents and scholarships or other financing and others, that could provoke an unintended bias in the research work of the signatories of the manuscript.

    The non-declaration of Conflicts of Interests (COI) may lead to the immediate rejection of a manuscript. If an undisclosed conflict of interest (COI) comes to light after publication, the Chakiñan Journal will take action in accordance with the COPE guidelines and will issue a public notification to the community.

    Errors in published papers: Manuscripts accepted for publication will be sent to the authors after the layout process; in this way, they will be able to review them and issue their criteria (page proof.) However, if the authors detect errors or any inaccuracy after the manuscript has been published, the Editor-in-Chief of the journal must be immediately informed, providing the necessary information, so that the appropriate corrections can be made.

    Accountability: The information contained in the presented research works will be the total responsibility of the authors.

  2. FOR ARBITRATORS (reviewers):

    Arbitration process: The process employed for the evaluation of the manuscripts submitted to the Chakiñan journal, is by following the type of double-blind peer review, where the revisers do not know the identity of the authors of the manuscripts and vice versa; consequently, it is only the editors, who mediate in the interactions between reviewers and authors.

    The arbitrators are professionals selected on the basis of prestige and scientific results achieved in the area of knowledge addressed by the manuscript they are assigned to evaluate. They are committed to carrying out an objective review, with scientific, critical, honest and unbiased judgment, in order to provide the editors with accurate information on the quality of the proposed manuscript and to make constructive indications to the authors, which favor appropriate corrections.

    They must deliver the corresponding revision formats by indicating the reasons why a manuscript is accepted, rejected, or to warn, in case they detect or suspect cases of duplication, conflict of interest, ethical issues, or false data.

    The Editorial Board will always be impartial regarding the decisions adopted by each of the arbitrators so that if a manuscript is accepted by one arbitrator and rejected by another, it will be forwarded to a third arbitrator, whose final decision will be indisputable to resolve the situation.

    Respect for time: The arbitrators agree to conduct the requested review within the maximum deadlines established by the editorial team of the journal.

    Confidentiality: The research works assigned for review will not have identification data about the authors and institutions to which they belong, besides, they must be treated with complete confidentiality, so they cannot be discussed with other people before the publication process.

    Disclosure: All information related to the peer review process may not be utilized for personal purposes or shared with other people not included in the editorial process.

    Reviewers’ Conflict of Interest (COI): The arbitrators have to inform the Editor whether they suspect that in the manuscript they are evaluating, there are conflicts of interest; if so, the COI must be declared.

    Additionally, a review allocation should not be accepted if the reviser has a potential competing interest, including the following:

    • Previous or current collaborations with the author(s) of the manuscript.
    • It is a direct competitor.
    • To have a known background of antipathy for the author(s) of the manuscript.
    • To have a personal affinity relationship with an author who does not allow the reviewer to evaluate the manuscript objectively.
    • To take financial advantage of the research work.

    The evaluation of the manuscript should solely be accepted if the reviser does not have any conflict of interest with it. In case of conflicts, the reviewer must inform the editors or the staff of the journal that their participation should be declined if he/she considers that they cannot offer an impartial review. When submitting the reviewer’s opinion, he/she must indicate whether or not they have conflicting interests.


    Decisions: Once all the steps of the editorial process have been carried out, the Editorial Team selects for publication, without discrimination or favoritism, the manuscripts with the best contribution, and the evaluation made by the arbitrators.

    In this process, the Editorial Team of the Chakiñan journal will be inflexible with corrupt practices, such as plagiarism, the unreliable data in the received manuscript, the duplicity in sending papers already published, and fraud in any of its forms. If necessary, appropriate consultations will be made to the members of the Editorial Board.

    Confidentiality: The members of the Editorial Team of Chakiñan journal, undertake not to disclose the information related to the manuscripts forwarded for evaluation, to other people than authors, reviewers, and editors. They also pledge to the confidentiality of the manuscripts, authors, and arbitrators. Only in this way, the integrity of the entire process will be guaranteed.

    Conflict of interest and disclosure: The editorial team undertakes not to use in their investigations the content of the manuscripts sent to the journal for evaluation, without the written consent of the author(s), likewise, any conflict of interest between authors and publishers will be avoided.

    Editors' Conflict of Interest (COI): The Editor-in-chief and the Executive Editors must declare their conflicts of interests, and, if necessary, they will disqualify themselves from participating in their corresponding part of the editorial process of a manuscript, if conflicts of interests are detected (COI), convening, informing the rest of the members of the Editorial Team immediately.

    The most common reasons for publishers to excuse themselves from participating in the editorial process of a manuscript might be as follows:

    • To collaborate with an author recently.
    • To have published with an author during the last five years.
    • To have had subsidies with an author lately.
    • To have a personal relationship with an author, that can detract from the objective realization of the editorial process related to a manuscript.

    Respect for time: The editorial team is committed to fulfilling the deadlines for reviews and publication of accepted papers. Depending on the income stream and the editorial process, authors will be notified when a manuscript is accepted for publication, by indicating the number and date it will be published. The entire process between the reception of research work and the notification of results will not be longer than six months.

    Errors in published manuscripts: The Editorial team will be predisposed to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions, and apologies when necessary. The actions of the Editorial Team of the Chakiñan journal, in the face of suspicions of improper conduct in relation to the submission of a manuscript or publication of a paper, will be governed by what is established by COPE


Open Access Policy (Open Access)

The Chakiñan Journal adheres to the Open Access model in which the contents of scientific papers are available in the free full text available on the Internet, without temporary embargoes, and whose editorial production costs are not transferred to the authors. This policy proposes to break the economic barriers that generate inequities both in access to information and in the publication of research results.

The benefits of open access for authors include:

  • Free access for all users globally.
  • Authors possess the copyright of their academic works.
  • Greater visibility and number of readers.
  • Fast publication.

The acceptance of the manuscript by the journal implies the simultaneous non-presentation to other journals or editorial bodies. It also involves the non-exclusive transfer of the patrimonial rights of the authors in favor of the editor, who allows the reutilization after the edition of the paper (postprint), under license Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0). Copying, distributing, altering, transforming, generating a derivative written composition, executing, and publicly communicating the written work can be done, so long as:

  1. the authorship and the source of publication are cited (journal, editorial, and URL of the written work)
  2. the above terms are not used for commercial purposes
  3. the same license terms are maintained.
  4. The transfer of non-exclusive rights also implies the authorization of the authors for the manuscript to be deposited in the institutional repository of the Chakiñan Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities. Once this happens, the paper will be disseminated through databases that the editor considers appropriate for indexation to increase the visibility of the publication and its authors.


Digital Preservation Policies (Self-Archiving)

The Chakiñan Journal uses LOCKSS and CLOCKSS, in addition to preservation policies in the repositories and servers of the Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo. Similarly, this journal uses different international repositories such as REDALYC, SCIELO, LATINDEX, DIALNET, REDIB, MIAR, GOOGLE SCHOLAR, BASE, and LATINREV. The handle (URL persistent, as DOI) of the «Chakiñan» journal allows query extraction.


[Home] [Editorial board] [Instructions to authors] [Subscriptions]

Creative Commons License All the content of the journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons License

Av. Eloy Alfaro y 10 de Agosto
UNACH-Campus La Dolorosa
Riobamba, Ecuador
Tel.: (593) 3 3730880