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Revista Eugenio Espejo

On-line version ISSN 2661-6742Print version ISSN 1390-7581


AVECILLAS CAZHO, Jorge Antonio; MEJIA RODRIGUEZ, Israel; CONTRERAS BRICENO, José Ivo Oscar  and  QUINTERO DE CONTRERAS, Ángela María. Burnout académico. Factores influyentes en estudiantes de enfermería. Rev Eug Esp [online]. 2021, vol.15, n.2, pp.57-67. ISSN 2661-6742.

Burnout syndrome (BS) is a pathology characterized by the manifestation of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and a feeling of loss of personal fulfillment. This research aimed to describe BS in nursing students of the Catholic University of Cuenca in the city of Cañar, during the years 2019 and 2020. A quantitative, observational, descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out. 192 students from the Nursing Career of the Catholic University of Cuenca in the city of Cañar participated. This research was executed in the period 2019-2020 through the application of the Unidimensional Scale of Student Burnout. 97.4% of students had some level of BS. The chi-square test in the variables: repetition of subjects, punctuality problems and anxiety caused by academic obligations in relation to the level of SB, showed non-significant values. The rest of the factors that allowed assessing the level of BS were significantly associated with it, with . values less than 0.05. Among the sociodemographic variables explored, only the presence of disability was significantly associated with this entity. Dependency was established between academic burnout and the following factors explored: current cycle, problems with the teacher or the institution's authority, overload of activities, schedules, excess tasks, relationship with classmates, competitiveness among classmates, existence of recreational spaces and ability to perform tasks by himself/herself.

Keywords : Prevalence; Burnout; Students; Education; Nursing.

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