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Revista Eugenio Espejo

On-line version ISSN 2661-6742Print version ISSN 1390-7581


YERA SANCHEZ, Asbely et al. Hábitos sobre fotoprotección en pacientes de consulta dermatológica. Rev Eug Esp [online]. 2021, vol.15, n.2, pp.39-46. ISSN 2661-6742.

Excessive sun exposure is one of the most common causes of skin diseases. This research aimed to describe the photoprotection habits of patients treated in the dermatology consultation of health area III, in the municipality of Cienfuegos, Cuba, during the period between the months of January and May 2020. An observational, descriptive, and cross-sectional study was carried out. The population consisted of 3045 patients, from which a sample of 1066 individuals was selected through a non-probabilistic sampling by volunteer subjects. The data were collected by applying a closed questionnaire, which was validated by specialists' criteria. The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Dr. "Raúl Dorticós Torrado" University of Medical Sciences of Cienfuegos, Cuba. The group over 59 years of age was the most represented (37.8%), while those under 15 years of age (6.8%) were the least. The female gender prevailed (53.4%). Skin care for overexposure to the sun was insufficient. Those ones who do not know their skin type and those who did not receive guidance on their care predominated; as well as those ones whose statement indicates that they never perform self-examination of this important organ and those ones who do not use photoprotection accessories, specifically: hat, cap and umbrella.

Keywords : Knowledge; Skin Neoplasms; Primary Prevention; Solar Radiation.

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