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Revista Eugenio Espejo

On-line version ISSN 2661-6742Print version ISSN 1390-7581


HERRERA MOLINA, Angélica Salomé; DAMIAN SINCHIGUANO, Gabriela Elizabeth; CALDERON CABEZAS, Carla Cristina  and  ROBALINO RIVADENEIRA, María Elena. Enfermería en la atención multidisciplinaria de la hipoacusia neonatal. Rev Eug Esp [online]. 2018, vol.12, n.2, pp.1-14. ISSN 2661-6742.

The adequate psychomotor development of the child is determined by different physiological processes. Taking into consideration what is mentioned above an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional, and mixed study was carried out to identify the particularities of the nursing action in multidisciplinary care in order to detect early neonatal deafness in the General Hospital of Riobamba, Ecuador, between October 2016 and March 2017. The entire population was part of the study, which was constituted by the clinical records of 262 women who presented maternal risk factors of deafness, 1177 of their newborns, and 34 nurses as key informants who work in the gynecology-obstetrics and neonatology services of the research context. The information referred to the audiometries was taken from the neonatal screening register at the Institutional Audiology Service. The variables were considered as nominal dichotomous qualitative in order to determine the level of information about the risk factors that are linked to the disease and the directed nursing task the early detection of the same. Blood incompatibility, Toxoplasmosis, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus, and Herpes were the most observed risk factors. Specialization programs are needed that contribute to the preparation of these professionals in the area of knowledge of otolaryngology in the particular field of nursing. This will favor the increase in the quality of the services provided, resulting from the attention to the needs of hearing affected in this type of patients.

Keywords : Nursing; Hearing loss; Neonate; Newborn.

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