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Revista Científica UISRAEL

versión On-line ISSN 2631-2786


SATAN, Napoleón Lara  y  ROJO GUTIERREZ, Marco Antonio. Science and technology in Ecuador. A review of the state of the art. RCUISRAEL [online]. 2021, vol.8, suppl.1, pp.77-91. ISSN 2631-2786.

The disruptions caused by globalization, realities and complexities of the markets that are part of the world economic ecosystem, have awakened a special interest, especially in developing countries, to strengthen strategic alliances focused on endogenous and exogenous factors, related to innovation and research of scientific and technological studies; which help to solve difficulties; which have increased, in large part, by the neglect of some States to invest strategically in programs that encourage scientific exploration and development. The objective of the research is to unveil the behavior and development of science and technology between 2012-2014, as an instrument of Ecuadorian socioeconomic transformation. The approach of the study is mixed, descriptive and correlational, incorporating clarifying notes generated from the exploratory review of research related to the thematic axes. The results indicate inconsistencies in investment expenditures, producing uncertainty about the budgetary management of science and technology. The conclusions reflect a low level of productivity and technological growth, which leads to highlight limitations in terms of competitiveness and social welfare. The State must reinforce socioeconomic policies by strengthening education, health and social welfare.

Palabras clave : science and technology; competitiveness; development; higher education; economic evolution; innovation..

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