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Revista Ecuatoriana de Neurología

On-line version ISSN 2631-2581Print version ISSN 1019-8113


CORONADO-SARMIENTO, Juan; MENDOZA, Tatiana  and  RESTREPO-ESCOBAR, Jorge. Autoimmune encephalitis. Rev Ecuat Neurol [online]. 2021, vol.30, n.2, pp.94-97. ISSN 2631-2581.

Autoimmune encephalitis is a recently described pathology as inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, previously characterized as a paraneoplastic syndrome. However, advances in technology have allowed to categorize it as an entity, with an specific physiopathology, and a clinical presentation based on the developed auto-antibody, but, the wide clinical presentation, the insidious development of the symptoms, the mimic with other pathologies and the lack of knowledge of this condition in the emergency room and hospitalization services, does not permit to diagnose this condition, leading to potentially fatal complications. We report the case of a 26-years-old female with autoimmune encephalitis, and a literature review regarding this topic.

Keywords : autoimmune encephalitis; antineuronal antibodies; antiNMDA; immunotherapy..

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