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Revista Ecuatoriana de Neurología

versión On-line ISSN 2631-2581versión impresa ISSN 1019-8113


VACA VILLANUEVA, Michael; VALERA CHAVEZ, Christopher  y  SANCHEZ-LANDERS, Manuel. Brain venous thrombosis: current considerations. Rev Ecuat Neurol [online]. 2021, vol.30, n.1, pp.166-173. ISSN 2631-2581.


Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is an uncommon cause of cerebrovascular disease that mainly affects children and young adults, mostly in fertile-age-women.


A contemporary review of the epidemiological, anatomical, pathophysiological, diagnostic and treatment characteristics of CVT.

Materials and methods:

A bibliographic research was performed in the PubMed / MEDLINE database and including studies published in the period 2015-2020.


The estimated-annual-incidence has been increasing in last years. Its diagnosis is established by clinical studies and neuroimaging, and laboratory studies. Although, the diagnosis is generally late due to a highly variable and nonspecific clinical presentation. Treatment target is preventing potential mortal complications, followed by anticoagulant therapy. In some cases, surgical thrombolytic procedures are indicated.


The diagnosis is based on a combination of MRI or CT studies. The current gold-standard treatment is low molecular weight heparin and warfarin.

Palabras clave : Venous thrombosis; brain thrombosis; magnetic resonance; computed tomography..

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