SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.30 issue1Etiology of brain damage: a neuropsychological contribution in its theoretical construction (first part)Carotid Atherosclerosis: A common but preventable cause of ischemic stroke author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Revista Ecuatoriana de Neurología

On-line version ISSN 2631-2581Print version ISSN 1019-8113


VACA VILLANUEVA, Michael; VALERA CHAVEZ, Christopher  and  SANCHEZ-LANDERS, Manuel. Brain venous thrombosis: current considerations. Rev Ecuat Neurol [online]. 2021, vol.30, n.1, pp.166-173. ISSN 2631-2581.


Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is an uncommon cause of cerebrovascular disease that mainly affects children and young adults, mostly in fertile-age-women.


A contemporary review of the epidemiological, anatomical, pathophysiological, diagnostic and treatment characteristics of CVT.

Materials and methods:

A bibliographic research was performed in the PubMed / MEDLINE database and including studies published in the period 2015-2020.


The estimated-annual-incidence has been increasing in last years. Its diagnosis is established by clinical studies and neuroimaging, and laboratory studies. Although, the diagnosis is generally late due to a highly variable and nonspecific clinical presentation. Treatment target is preventing potential mortal complications, followed by anticoagulant therapy. In some cases, surgical thrombolytic procedures are indicated.


The diagnosis is based on a combination of MRI or CT studies. The current gold-standard treatment is low molecular weight heparin and warfarin.

Keywords : Venous thrombosis; brain thrombosis; magnetic resonance; computed tomography..

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )