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Revista Ecuatoriana de Neurología

On-line version ISSN 2631-2581Print version ISSN 1019-8113


RESTREPO, Jorge Emiro; GOMEZ-BOTERO, Mónica; MOLINA-GONZALEZ, David  and  CASTANEDA-QUIRAMA, Tatiana. Factorial structure of neuropsychological functioning in mild intellectual disability in children. Rev Ecuat Neurol [online]. 2021, vol.30, n.1, pp.33-42. ISSN 2631-2581.

An exploratory factor analysis was performed to establish the factor structure of neuropsychological functioning in mild intellectual disability in children. It was a quantitative, descriptive and cross-sectional study. Eighty children with a diagnosis of mild intellectual disability were included. An extensive battery of neuropsychological tests was applied. An Exploratory Factor Analysis was performed to identify the main factors. The results showed that mild intellectual disability in children has a structure in which the neuropsychological functions associated with executive functioning explain 56% of the variance and have a factor priority over 13%, which explains the variables associated with two traditional tests for assess intelligence. Each factor is analyzed and discussed from clinical and experimental neuropsychology. The study findings have theoretical and clinical implications for differential diagnosis.

Keywords : intelligence; mild intellectual disability; neuropsychology; executive functions; children..

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