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Revista Ecuatoriana de Neurología

On-line version ISSN 2631-2581Print version ISSN 1019-8113


BENAVIDES-ENDARA, Patricio  and  RAMOS-GALARZA, Carlos. Neurobiological Basis Of Sleep. Rev Ecuat Neurol [online]. 2019, vol.28, n.3, pp.73-80. ISSN 2631-2581.

Sleep is one of the most important behaviors for the cognition of the human being. It has between 4 to 6 cycles that are characterized by presenting different electromagnetic activity that causes a certain brain activity to occur in each of them. When the sleep pattern is affected, there are alterations in the daily life of the subject who suffers it, generating a negative impact on the activities carried out in the personal, family and social environment. In this article we report a theoretical review of the dream, its electrical activity during each of its phases, sleep disorders and the impact of sleep disorders on the individual's life. It is concluded by emphasizing the role of maintaining a balance in the sleep pattern as a benefit for the daily life of the subject.

Keywords : Sleep; REM; human behavior; electromagnetic waves; sleep disorders..

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