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Revista Ecuatoriana de Neurología

On-line version ISSN 2631-2581Print version ISSN 1019-8113


FAGGIONI SANCHEZ, Giuliano et al. Dementia With Lewy Bodies, A Diagnostic Challenge. Rev Ecuat Neurol [online]. 2018, vol.27, n.3, pp.69-73. ISSN 2631-2581.

Dementia with Lewy bodies is a neurodegenerative disease of unknown etiology, it is the second cause of dementia of the sixth decade of life; Its diagnosis is a challenge, because certain signs and symptoms that it presents are typical of Parkinson's Disease and Alzheimer's Disease. The following case report is one of the few documented patients with Dementia with Lewy bodies in Ecuador.

We report this in order to state the diagnostic difficulty that this pathology generates and describe the main characteristics that differentiate it from other dementia syndromes, highlighted in the recently updated criteria by the Consortium of Dementia with Lewy bodies. A meticulous neurological examination and neuropsychological assessment were essential in the study and prognosis of the patient. Dementia with Lewy bodies requires a thorough diagnosis, due to the challenge that originates its early recognition; the criteria described accelerated their recognition due the update of the recommendations on the clinical diagnosis of Dementia with Lewy bodies.

Keywords : Dementia with Lewy bodies; cognitive impairment; Parkinsonism; hyponatremia..

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