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Revista Ecuatoriana de Neurología

On-line version ISSN 2631-2581Print version ISSN 1019-8113


BESSERRA-LAGOS, Diogo; LEPE-MARTINEZ, Nancy  and  RAMOS-GALARZA, Carlos. The Executive Functions Of The Frontal Lobe And Its Association With The Academic Performance Of Students In Higher Education. Rev Ecuat Neurol [online]. 2018, vol.27, n.3, pp.51-56. ISSN 2631-2581.


Executive functions (EF) are a set of mental skills that allow to regulate the behavior, metacognition and emotions; executing a conscious control of the own thought. The development is progressive along the vital cycle of the human being, therefore, they meet involved in the social, emotional and academic development of the persons. There exist studies that affirm that the academic performance meets influenced by the level of development of the EF (inhibitory control, working memory, cognitive flexibility, monitoring and self-regulation) which relation has been progressively studied in diverse ages ranges and educational levels.


This article, has the aim to define and explain principal EF that they influence in the academic performance in university students. For it, there was realized a method of systematic review that allows to compile the investigations that affirm the above mentioned relation.

Results and Conclusions:

The scopes of the studies affirm that the principal EF involved in the academic performance of the university students is the working memory and in minor measure, the skills of planning, inhibitory control and cognitive flexibility. Finally, there are discussed the limitations and projections that this study allows to approach; considering the EF to be a key factor for the academic university success and the implementation of instances of pedagogic supports that should favor the professional development of the students.

Keywords : executive functions; academic performance; university students; working memory..

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