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Revista Ecuatoriana de Neurología

On-line version ISSN 2631-2581Print version ISSN 1019-8113


MENDOZA-AGUILAR, Aracely Antonella  and  CEDENO, Diego Antonio Vásquez. Hospitalization rate according to comorbidities in Alzheimer´s patients at Hospital Teodoro Maldonado Carbo. Rev Ecuat Neurol [online]. 2018, vol.27, n.3, pp.31-35. ISSN 2631-2581.


According to World Health Organization (WHO) 2017 report there are 50 millions of people with dementia worldwide and 60% to 70% of cases belong to Alzheimer’s Disease. The WHO admit that dementia is a public health priority.


Descriptive analysis of patients Alzheimer’s Disease in Guayaquil, Ecuador, focused hospitalization and mortality predictors.


Cross-sectional study. Multivariate and univariate logistic regression analysis to indicate predictors of hospitalization by pneumonia and mortality.


42.57% of the sample was men and the average age was 80.02 years. In a multivariate logistic regression analysis, the most associated comorbidity to increase the risk of pneumonia were Diabetes Mellitus combined with Arterial Hypertension (OR 5.62, 95% CI (1.17 - 26.96) p 0.031), statistically significant. Antipsychotic medication increase the pneumonia risk with a statistically significant meaning (OR 3.03, 95% CI (1.23 - 7.44) p 0.016).


Future studies should focus on report the effect of medications and comorbidities on admissions in patients with Alzheimer. Guidelines to focus prevent common causes of hospitalization in these patients should be adapted.

Keywords : alzheimer disease; dementia; pneumonia; patient readmission..

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