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Revista Ecuatoriana de Neurología

On-line version ISSN 2631-2581Print version ISSN 1019-8113


RAMOS-GALARZA, Carlos et al. Fundamental Concepts In The Neuropsychological Theory. Rev Ecuat Neurol [online]. 2017, vol.26, n.1, pp.53-60. ISSN 2631-2581.

This article presents three concepts that are fundamental in the neuropsychological theoretical: historical data in the study of the human brain, neuropsychological evaluation of brain functions and neuropsychological rehabilitation of brain functions. As relevant data in the theoretical development of the study of the human brain is a tour of the trepanation acts performed hundreds of years ago, the contributions of phrenology, the masterful findings of Broca and Wernicke, the heuristic contribution of Luria and the current revolution with neuroimaging. In the neuropsychological evaluation of brain functions the role of specific, non-specific and delayed observation tests in the interpretation of the neuropsychological state of the human being is analyzed, which allow analyzing neuropsychological functions in the laboratory and in real life activities. Finally, we analyze the process of neuropsychological rehabilitation of brain functions, where mention is made of the processes of restoration, compensation, substitution, activation-stimulation and integration, which are very useful when intervening in a brain that has suffered an acquired damage. It is concluded that the current accelerated pace has determined the advance of neuroscience, where technology and the forceful scientific contribution propose new techniques and theories to understand the processes of evaluation and rehabilitation of brain functioning.

Keywords : theoretical development of the study of the human brain; neuropsychological evaluation; neuropsychological rehabilitation; neuroscience..

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