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vol.26 issue2Cardiovascular health status in Atahualpa residents: characteristics and correlates.The search of surrogates for neuroimaging studies for research purposes: The Atahualpa Project Experience. author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Revista Ecuatoriana de Neurología

On-line version ISSN 2631-2581Print version ISSN 1019-8113


DEL BRUTTO, Oscar H.; DEL BRUTTO, Victor J.  and  LAMA, Julio. Neuroimaging substudy of the Atahualpa Project. Rev Ecuat Neurol [online]. 2017, vol.26, n.2, pp.111-127. ISSN 2631-2581.

The Atahualpa Project includes a Neuroimaging sub-study, which consists in the practice of MRIs and MRAs to all participants aged ≥60 years, as well as those presenting with specific neurological complains. Likewise, all participants aged ≥20 years have been invited for the practice of a head CT. MRIs and MRAs have been performed with the use of a Philips Intera 1.5T MRI machine, and TCs with the use of a Philips Brilliance 64 CT scanner, following established protocols. All exams have been independently reviewed by a neurologist and a neuroradiologist, with adequate kappa coefficients for inter-rater agreement. MRIs studies have been focused on the evaluation of global cortical atrophy, posterior parietal atrophy, bicaudate index, Evans index, hippocampal atrophy, signatures of cerebral small vessel disease, and lesions consistent with ischemic or hemorrhagic strokes. By the use of MRI, we have assessed the prevalence of intracranial artery stenosis, intracranial dolichoectasia and variations in the configuration of the circle of Willis. Using CT, we have focused on the diagnosis of neurocysticercosis, pineal gland calcifications, as well as in variations and characteristics of skull bones, cerebellar atrophy, and severity of carotid siphon calcifications. In the present study, we focused on the description of basic protocols used for assessment of previously mentioned lesions of interest.

Keywords : Atahualpa; population-based study; epidemiology; magnetic resonance imaging; magnetic resonance angiography; computed tomography; Ecuador..

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