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FIGEMPA: Investigación y Desarrollo

On-line version ISSN 2602-8484Print version ISSN 1390-7042


REA TOAPANTA, Antonio Ricardo. Daño ambiental y economía circular en la explotación de los recursos naturales no renovables. Figempa [online]. 2023, vol.16, n.2, pp.93-105. ISSN 2602-8484.

Ecuador needs a cultural, economic, social and environmental change; in waste management and production policies. The research objective is that the State must adhere to the rules and principles of Circular Economy. Given the negative environmental damage caused by productive activities in general and in particular in Protected Areas, aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems of the country. With 19.1 million hectares of Protected Areas (AP); This means that about 20% of the territory corresponds to 59 zones; where the Ministry of the Environment (2019) focuses on cases considered examples of mining, with the objective of guaranteeing and protecting biodiversity and the well-being of all living beings, carrying out the management, regulation and distribution of economic resources according to the 2008 Constitution. The investigative methodology is systemic of causality and effects of Environmental Damage, by intervention that corresponds to the productive activity, whatever the economic sector that intervenes, such as modern mining, it is considered that man has always used natural resources, seeking to improve his existence. The results are in Preventing and mitigating the damage and destructive impact of human activities on natural resources; nature cannot be restored or replaced in the near future and leads to depletion, in violation of the laws of the natural environment. Two cases of extractive exploitation of resources such as Yasuní and LLurimagua are also considered. In conclusion, it is necessary to consider and apply environmental regulations and mechanisms that minimize impacts and allow their regeneration.

Keywords : environmental damage; circular economy; exploitation; natural resources; nonrenewable.

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