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Revista San Gregorio

versão On-line ISSN 2528-7907versão impressa ISSN 1390-7247


SARMIENTO, Michel; VALDES DONECH, Hidelisa; MARTIN MOYA, Luz Amarilis  e  MENDOZA ROBLES, Jorge Luis. Prevalence of edentulism in older adults. Revista San Gregorio [online]. 2022, vol.1, n.52, pp.161-174. ISSN 2528-7907.

The increase in the expectation at birth of the population contributes to the phenomenon of population aging in the world. From the perspective of oral health, a high frequency of edentulism has been reported in older adults. The objective was to review the prevalence of edentulism in older adults. The research had a documentary design based on the principles of exploratory systematic reviews. PubMed, ScienceDirect, Scopus, SemanticScholar, SciELO, LILACS, and Google Scholar were searched. Articles published from 2014 that study edentulism was included. The literature review revealed that the prevalence of edentulism varies in different contexts, ranging from 3% to 21.7%. Figures of 25% total edentulism and 75% partial edentulism are also reported. In some research, edentulism has been associated with social inequalities, with some causes of mortality, and as a predictor of myocardial infarctions, heart failure, and cerebrovascular accidents. Health education, early diagnosis and early treatment of tooth decay and periodontal disease are essential to prevent edentulism from occurring. This represents a public health problem that requires attention to increase the quality of life of older adults

Palavras-chave : Edentulism; tooth loss; quality of life; elderly; dental care for aged.

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