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Revista San Gregorio

versión On-line ISSN 2528-7907versión impresa ISSN 1390-7247

Resumen

NINO ARGUELLES, Yanexi Lisseth; ALVAREZ SANTANA, Carmita Leonor  y  GIOVANNI LOCATELLI, Fabio. Venezuelan Migration, Aporophobia in Ecuador and Resilience of Venezuelan Immigrants in Manta, 2020 Period. Revista San Gregorio [online]. 2020, n.43, pp.92-108. ISSN 2528-7907.  https://doi.org/http:10.36097/rsan.v1i43.1424.

The objective of this study was to characterize Venezuelan migration, aporophobia in Ecuador and the resilience of Venezuelan immigrants in the Manta canton during the period 2020. In this quantitative approach research whit an analytical empirical study method, a survey was applied to 377 Venezuelan immigrants in the Manta canton. Significant results showed that although the 80.4% of Venezuelan immigrants entered Ecuador on a regular basis by border check points, currently already the 64.7% finds itself in an irregular status not being in possession of any document such as temporary visa, working visa or humanitarian visa among others. In addition, the 49.3% of migrants highlighted to feel discriminated in Ecuador and the 73.5% of Venezuelan immigrants living in Manta have had to engage in informal trade since they were in Ecuador. In conclusion, it was found that Venezuelan migrants living in Ecuador and other Latin American countries are suffering the consequences of being forced migrants with entry bans in some countries, discrimination, rejection and notorious aporophobia. At the same time, it can be noticed that Venezuelan migrants facing so many challenges and adversities are being resilient.

Palabras clave : Aporophobia; human rights; venezuelan migration; resilence; vulnerability.

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