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Revista San Gregorio

On-line version ISSN 2528-7907Print version ISSN 1390-7247


TEJENA, Gema Evaldina Alcivar. Respiratory affectation in personnel exposed to dust in a detergent industry. Revista San Gregorio [online]. 2019, vol.1, n.31, pp.30-39. ISSN 2528-7907.

Exposure to inorganic dust daily in the workplace, can result in various diseases including respiratory system, the purpose of this research is to establish the relationship between exposure to detergent powder and the occurrence of respiratory impairment in exposed workers , for this a cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out in which the results of spirometry, absenteeism and work seniority of 158 workers exposed to dust in a detergent company in the Province of Manabí in 2018 were analyzed, the results show the predominance in the demographic characteristics; male gender with 99.2%, age group of 29 to 39 years and occupational exposure to inorganic dust by 33.3% detergent elaboration between 3 and 4 years in the position, a small percentage (12%) presented as Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) with rest greater than 48 hours up to 96 hours and 5% of the workers presented an obstruction in the result of the spirometry. It is concluded that there is a relationship between occupational exposure to inorganic dust and respiratory effects; the longer the exposure, the greater the lung involvement.

Keywords : Detergent; respiratory diseases; exposure; inorganic dust workers.

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