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ALTERIDAD.Revista de Educación

On-line version ISSN 1390-8642Print version ISSN 1390-325X


MONTRE-AGUILA, Víctor  and  ARANEDA-MACHMAR, Javiera. Lexical availability of teachers on democracy, citizenship and human rights. Alteridad [online]. 2021, vol.16, n.2, pp.261-274. ISSN 1390-8642.

The citizenship education has become a key axis of the Chilean Ministry of Education through Law 20,911, which can be understood from three dimensions: citizenship, democracy and human rights. The object of study is to analyze the lexical availability of teachers in relation to the concepts of Democracy, Citizenship and Human Rights. The research methodology is qualitative with a descriptive and interpretive design. The participants are thirtysix teachers of History, Geography and Social Sciences from the province of Arauco. The information was collected through semi-structured interviews, being processed in the Gephi program with the aim of studying semantic networks. The research results exhibit that the main vocabulary of teachers around citizenship is respect, right, duties and people, evidencing substantial differences in the vocabulary indicated in plans and programs about this particular center of interest. In relation to the comparison between human rights centers of interest of the citizenship plan and the teachers' conceptualizations, it is evident that the most representative words are respect, rights and equality, but to a lesser range the represented concepts are vindication, violation, constitution and grouping. Finally, Democracy presents such concepts as law, representation and respect and to a lesser range constitution, transition and responsibility.

Keywords : Citizen education; lexical availability; democracy; citizenship; human rights; teachers.

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