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ALTERIDAD.Revista de Educación

versión On-line ISSN 1390-8642versión impresa ISSN 1390-325X


CIVICO-ARIZA, Andrea; COLOMO-MAGANA, Ernesto  y  GONZALEZ-GARCIA, Erika. Analysis of values of adolescents in salesian schools in southern Spain. Alteridad [online]. 2021, vol.16, n.2, pp.236-248. ISSN 1390-8642.

The hierarchy of values of each subject determines their actions and decisions, adolescence being a key stage for the construction of identity. Thus, the axiological choices of young people will define who they are and will influence their sociocultural coexistence. The present work focuses on analysing the hierarchy of values in adolescent Spanish students, as well as examining whether there are significant differences in their perceptions as a function of the gender variable. A descriptive transectional design is used to analyse the axiological hierarchy of a sample of 248 students from Salesian schools in southern Spain during the academic year2018/2019. The axiological information was collected using a standardized instrument. The results indicate the participants’ favourable assessment of the categories of affective, moral and individual values in the study, while the worst considered were those related with the values of political participation and intellectual. Moreover, significant differences were obtained in the gender variable, women being those who reflect a greater perception of satisfaction scoring higher in all categories. The study concludes that adolescents prioritise values that improve affective relationships, moral coexistence and their identity development. Furthermore, the difference by gender underlines that personal experiences and the characteristics of the context generate different perceptions of values, with axiology having to be worked on in all educational levels.

Palabras clave : Social values; moral values; education; adolescence; identity; educational models.

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