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ALTERIDAD.Revista de Educación

On-line version ISSN 1390-8642Print version ISSN 1390-325X


MEDINA-DIAZ, María del R.  and  VERDEJO-CARRION, Ada L.. Validity and reliability in student learning evaluation throughout active methodologies. Alteridad [online]. 2020, vol.15, n.2, pp.270-284. ISSN 1390-8642.

The demands on university education call for changes on teaching strategies and on the evaluation of student learning. Active methodologies are one of these strategies, which facilitate the development of student learning or competencies, through situations or problems close to the real world and to a professional career. These require to rethink, plan and guide teaching as student-centered and to use techniques and tools for collecting valid and reliable information that leads to an appropriate and a fair evaluation of student learning. However, the validity and reliability of the interpretations of the scores or information collected with these tools have not had sufficient attention, according to the literature reviewed. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the validity of the interpretation and reliability of the scores or the information collected through classroom assessment tools in universities. Accordingly, to some publications, a set of recommendations is provided with sources of evidence that underpin validity and reliability. At a minimum, it is suggested taking into account evidence related to content validity and to internal consistency of the scores or the information collected, when making judgments and decisions that affect the students. It is concluded that greater prudence is needed in the interpretations and inferences of learning, if there is insufficient validity evidence.

Keywords : Active methodologies; student evaluation; validity; reliability; student learning; evaluation techniques.

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