SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 issue35Armando Hart and his methodological keys for the teaching of marxism author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Sophia, Colección de Filosofía de la Educación

On-line version ISSN 1390-8626Print version ISSN 1390-3861


BRAVO-MANCERO, Patricia Cecilia; GUFFANTE-NARANJO, Tania María  and  FALCONI-URIARTE, Martha Yolanda. Student perception about discrimination and racism in higher education. Sophia [online]. 2023, n.35, pp.303-324. ISSN 1390-8626.

This article examines the perceptions of discrimination and racism among college students. The guiding question is: What perceptions do students have about discrimination and racism in the university context? Racism is regarded as an ideology that engenders inequality. The ideology is based on biological particularities to establish differentiation. Consequently, discrimination refers to situations of exclusion, segregation, and restriction based on stereotypes that limit the rights of a group of individuals. The study combines quantitative analysis with descriptive analysis and cross-sectional design. 263 students from four Faculties of the National University of Chimborazo participated. In order to collect the necessary information, a survey titled “Perception Questionnaire on Racism and Discrimination in Higher Education” was drafted. The results indicate that 29.9 % of students have experienced racism and discrimination, 89.7 % have never engaged in such behavior, and 57.7 % have witnessed its various manifestations in social interactions. The primary causes of discrimination include race, gender, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status, and/or disability. Exclusion manifests itself in explicit and covert ways, with psychological, verbal, and physical violence being the most egregious forms of its exercise. Finally, there is a denial and normalization of the phenomenon that is rooted in institutional dynamics.

Keywords : Racism; discrimination; stereotypes; prejudices; exclusion; inequality.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )