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Sophia, Colección de Filosofía de la Educación

On-line version ISSN 1390-8626Print version ISSN 1390-3861


VELEZ-JIMENEZ, Dolores  and  MORA-ROJAS, Celso Obdulio. Historical-philosophical foundations of chemistry. Sophia [online]. 2023, n.34, pp.291-313. ISSN 1390-8626.

There is relevance in the integration of the knowledge of a natural science, predominantly material such as chemistry, with the world of ideas such as philosophy, and more specifically with epistemology. The central objective of this article is to make a contribution about the epistemology of chemistry, in the consideration of philosophy within the thought of diversity and its educational importance. The methodology focused on a non-experimental type of exploratory level, with a qualitative method and a historical-interpretative approach through document analysis. The theoretical development allows us to glimpse the participation of chemistry in multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary dimensions; to be used in secondary and higher education institutions, avoiding continuous and dogmatic monodisciplinary learning. As research finding, it was established that history and chemistry have a fundamental and convergent dimension, the epistemological dimension. The historical evolution of chemistry accounts for the ways of accessing knowledge and categorizing it as valid knowledge. Therefore, it is concluded that the epistemology of chemistry has a causal relationship with the corresponding paradigm, and at the present time, chemistry is part of the logical positivist paradigm, by complying with the epistemological and epistemological characteristics of the same and in the prevalence of the empirical contrast.

Keywords : Science; Chemistry; Philosophy; Epistemology; History; Knowledge.

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