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Sophia, Colección de Filosofía de la Educación

versão On-line ISSN 1390-8626versão impressa ISSN 1390-3861


GRANDA MERCHAN, Juan Sebastián. Transformations of community education in the ecuadorian Andes. Sophia [online]. 2018, n.24, pp.291-311. ISSN 1390-8626.

This paper recovers some of the results of the research developed by the author in the framework of his doctoral thesis. The article analyzes the impact that the educational changes promoted by the Government of Rafael Correa had on the dynamics of community-based indigenous education initiatives. The research was based on the contributions of Critical Pedagogy and Latin American Anthropology: from the first it took the concept of education as a cultural and political practice, while from the second it recovered the analytical perspective of the Theory of Cultural Control. Related to the methodology, the research analyzed an emblematic experience of indigenous education in the country: the Cotopaxi Indigenous School System (SEIC), and data was collected through oral history and documentary analysis. The hypothesis that this paper seeks to argue is that the Government of Rafael Correa, in its commitment to regain the rectory of the education and modernize it, ended up subsuming all the scopes of decision of the educative task that were in the hands of the communities and the indigenous schools of the study area, and homogenizing their educational projects under de parameters of the Hispanic education. The paper is organized in three parts: the first one describes the trajectory of the indigenous schools from its birth until 2007. The second part makes an account of the educational policies that had more impact on the dynamics of schools. The last one analyzes the impact those policies had on the daily life of schools.

Palavras-chave : State; educational policies; indigenous education; indigenous peoples; Ecuador.

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