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Sophia, Colección de Filosofía de la Educación

versión On-line ISSN 1390-8626versión impresa ISSN 1390-3861


AVILES SALVADOR, Mauro Rodrigo. The symbol as a field of philosophical reflection of the Sociology of Education. Sophia [online]. 2017, n.23, pp.101-120. ISSN 1390-8626.

Western civilization has restricted the understanding of social phenomena to the processes proposed by the scientific method. However, reality presents greater complexity, and this method is shown to be insufficient for a comprehensive understanding. The educational phenomena in the context of the society in the 21st century has become more complex and heterogeneous, depending on a society in constant change and which requires immediate responses from educational institutions. Stakeholders and involved scenarios are diverse, and the demands of attention, urgent. The response to it must be the education is a field of study of the sociology of education which must be reflected and which motivates academic new answers. The path of study, presents the symbol whose constant in history of humanity offers the scholar a common thread. The symbol has special features that allow a supra-national understanding. It is necessary to analyze social and educational phenomena through a hermeneutic exercise of the artistic and religious symbols present in all societies. Art and religions, since their beginnings, have been mechanisms to carry out this exercise and symbols have been their common means of language. Proposing these expressions as a field of study and the symbol as an axis of understanding the socio-educational phenomena is a necessary task for the study and the construction of new stages of human development. Rethinking the educational task from a rereading of the myths and from an update of certain rites of society will allow a dynamic process of continuous reflection and educational improvement, in addition to integrate social processes to educational practice.

Palabras clave : Symbol; myth; Western civilization; art and religion.

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