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RETOS. Revista de Ciencias de la Administración y Economía

On-line version ISSN 1390-8618Print version ISSN 1390-6291


SIGUENZA-ORELLANA, Sonia Catalina; ALAVA-ATIENCIE, Nubia Gabriela; PINOS-RAMON, Lucía Daniela  and  PERALTA-VALLEJO, Ximena Katherine. University students’ perception of the entrepreneurial ecosystem and social entrepreneurial intention. Retos [online]. 2022, vol.12, n.24, pp.248-266. ISSN 1390-8618.

entrepreneurship today has become a priority to promote the sustainability of countries. According to the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, Ecuador is the country with the highest level of entrepreneurship in Latin America. Specifically, social entrepreneurship has gained momentum as an alternative to satisfy needs that have not been addressed at the governmental level. In this context, the article analyzes the relationship and the significant differences between the entrepreneurial ecosystem and the social entrepreneurial intention of the students of the University of Cuenca; using the variables gender and faculties as transversal treatment. To meet this objective we worked with a representative sample of 856 students, which was filtered, generating a robust sample of 543 students. The analysis of results used inferential statiscal techniques such as: ANOVA one way, Student´s t test and Pearson correlation, which show that there are no significant differences by sex in the students´ perception of the entrepreneurial ecosystem and the social enterpreneurial intention. In addition, students consider that the entrepreneurial ecosystem differs among the twelve faculties, identifying the faculty of Dentistry and faculty of Arts with a suitable ecosystem compared to the perception that more intervention is required in the ecosystem of the faculty of Philosophy and faculty of Jurisprudence. Finally, the positive relationship between the two variables is an indicator that should be worked on in strategies to promote the social entrepreneurial culture at the university.

Keywords : entrepreneurship; social entrepreneurship; entrepreneur; entrepreneurial ecosystem; social entrepreneurial intention; higher education; young university students; gender focus.

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