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LA GRANJA. Revista de Ciencias de la Vida

versión On-line ISSN 1390-8596versión impresa ISSN 1390-3799


SANDOVAL-GUILLEN, Pablo  y  YANEZ-MORETTA, Patrício. Biological and ecological aspects of the spectacled bear (Tremarctos ornatus, Ursidae) in the Ecuadorean Andean zone and conservation perspectives under the Landscape Species approach. La Granja [online]. 2019, vol.30, n.2, pp.19-27. ISSN 1390-8596.

The Andean bear (Tremarctos ornatus) has inhabited South America for more than five million years. He is the only living representative of the short-nosed bears, a group that only lived on the American continent. In Ecuador, it is considered an endangered species, mainly because the loss of natural habitats in the Andes, due to the pressure of productive anthropic activities (mainly, livestock and agriculture) and extraction of natural resources. This bear is a mammal that needs large areas to feed and find a mate. The Andean bear is important for cloud forests and paramos due to its efficient role as seed scatter. In this work, we apply the “landscape species” theoretical approach in order to propose activities to conserve the Andean bear and the places that inhabits. This approach also allows to evaluate in a systematic way the quality of the landscape in terms of biological requirements of the species (here, Tremarctos ornatus) and the landscape human uses, it also considers the size and limits of the conservation area and its internal variation.

Palabras clave : biological conservation; Tremarctos ornatus; Ecuadorian Andes; Landscape Species.

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