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Ius Humani. Revista de Derecho

versão On-line ISSN 1390-7794


VALENCIA, Carla Grefa  e  FRESLON, William Sacher. Dogmatic analysis of the tension between the rights of nature and large-scale mining, within the framework of the ecuadorian constitution. Ius Humani [online]. 2023, vol.12, n.2, pp.12-28. ISSN 1390-7794.

With the 2008 Constitution, Ecuador became a pioneer in the constitutional recognition of nature as a legal subject, while simultaneously promoting large-scale mining and placing it at the center of its economic future. Against this backdrop, the article focuses on the analysis of potential dogmatic contradictions within the Ecuadorian legal framework, between the rights of nature and mining entitlements associated with large-scale mining operations. In this context, it provides a synthesis of the trajectory and development of the rights of nature in Ecuador, alongside an historical overview of large-scale mining in the country and a brief summary of the environmental impacts documented in academic literature. Based on this, a series of doctrinal tension points were identified, as per the provisions of the Ecuadorian Constitution. To develop this article, the theoretical-doctrinal method was employed, encompassing two levels: hermeneutic and theoretical-doctrinal. The argument presented posits that the Ecuadorian legal regime has not been adequately constructed or updated to integrate the principles of the constitutional recognition of the rights of nature, nor to address the potential violations of these rights resulting from large-scale mining activities.

Palavras-chave : Natural resources; minerals; environment; legal contradiction; violations of rights..

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