SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 número22Sembrando agroecología en campesinos indígenas y afrodescendientes de Colombia, Ecuador y PerúTrayectorias de vida y ecologismos desde Suramérica. Un entrecruzamiento entre lo individual y lo colectivo índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados




Links relacionados

  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO


Letras Verdes, Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios Socioambientales

versión On-line ISSN 1390-6631


PINO ANDRADE, Mauricio. Participatory Guarantee Systems in Ecuador. Approaches to its development. Letras Verdes [online]. 2017, n.22, pp.120-145. ISSN 1390-6631.

This study examines Participatory Guarantee Systems (PGS) as an alternative to Third Party Certification (TPC). These schemes are characterized by its multi-stakeholder approach which relies on principles like participation, transparency and trust. This research, based on the logics of process-tracing and comparative analysis, analyzed the experiences with PGS of the peasant’s network Red Ecovida from Brazil, and Ecuador’s experience. This study supports the idea that TPC created a normative trajectory that resulted in this scheme embedding the regulations on organics. Consequently, other systems than TPC are excluded from official recognition. The idea of norm diffusion through localization is also backed up in the analysis (from Brazil to Ecuador). This especially due to that PGS are better suited to the social, economic and environmental conditions of small-scale farmers. In the Ecuadorian case, PGS are meant as congruence builders (among the legal, political and productive grounds of the country), rather than just mechanisms of control. The main aim of PGS is to scale up agroecology by enhancing production, markets and consumption.

Palabras clave : certification; food governance; organic products; participatory guarantee system..

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )