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Enfoque UTE

On-line version ISSN 1390-6542Print version ISSN 1390-9363


LETURIA, María Laura Stronguiló  and  FEBRES, Lynet Milagros Chacón. Characterization of residual biomass from the Arequipa region for the production of biofuels. Enfoque UTE [online]. 2015, vol.6, n.4, pp.42-54. ISSN 1390-6542.

The aim of this work is to select residual biomass from the Arequipa Region for the production of biofuels (biodiesel, bioethanol and biogas). In each case, the initial point is a matrix based on products with residual biomass available in the region, from the agricultural and livestock sectors, information that was obtained from the regional Management of Agriculture web site. Specific factors of the resudue that will be used as raw material for each biofuel production would be considered for the selection process. For the production of biodiesel it is necessary to start from the oil extracted from oilseeds. Regarding obtaining bioethanol, it requires that the residual biomass has high percent of cellulose. With regard to the generation of biogas, we will use animal droppings. Finally, the raw materials selected are: squash and avocado seeds for biodiesel, rice chaff and deseeded corncob for bioethanol and cow and sheep droppings for biogas.

Keywords : residual biomass; biofuels; biodiesel; bioethanol; biogas..

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