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URVIO Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios de Seguridad

versión On-line ISSN 1390-4299versión impresa ISSN 1390-3691


BUZZETTI, Andrés. Political Competition, Party Turnover and Drug Related Violence in Buenos Aires and Santa Fe. URVIO [online]. 2020, n.28, pp.62-78. ISSN 1390-4299.

This article analyzes the differences in the use of violence related to illegal drug markets between sub-national units of the same country. The objective is to put under discussion the spread argument held by many scholars that claims that political variables, such as party turnover and political competition at the subnational level, affect the levels of drug-related violence as a consequence of the breakdown of the state protection networks to these markets. Starting with the literature that addresses the relation between illegal markets and violence, cases of the Argentinean provinces of Buenos Aires and Santa Fe during the 2007-2018 period are analyzed, through triangulation between official statistics, press documents and secondary sources. In this sense, it is concluded that the argument sustained for other countries of the region that links party turnover and the increase of political competition with differences in drug related violence is not suitable to analyze the Argentinean case. Consequently, explanations have to be searched, considering a different kind of variables that account for subnational contexts.

Palabras clave : Argentina; drugs; illegal markets; party turnover; political competition; violence.

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