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Íconos. Revista de Ciencias Sociales

versión On-line ISSN 1390-8065versión impresa ISSN 1390-1249


SANTA-CRUZ., Paulina. Elites and taxation: Perceptions of taxes among Córdoba businesspeople. Íconos [online]. 2023, n.77, pp.77-94. ISSN 1390-8065.

In order to analyze the configuration and transformations of tax systems in Latin America, it is essential to know how taxpayers perceive taxes. This article revisits the discussions on economic elites and tax systems in the region in order to explore the tax perceptions of the economic elite in the province of Córdoba, Argentina. Using a positional approach that defines elites according to institutional positions, 23 interviews were conducted with businessmen and businesswomen from Córdoba who participated in the campaign “Córdoba, here we are.” It is highlighted that they occupy heterogeneous positions in the productive structure but hold homogeneous perceptions regarding taxes. In turn, moral and economic critiques of the tax system by businesspeople are identified. The former are expressed from a position of moral representation of businesspeople, while the latter are based on notions of neoclassical expert knowledge and circulate as common sense among the interviewees. It is concluded that moral objections reflect the scope of the agency of the business sector, as the capacity of the business sector to say and be heard on social and political issues. It is also argued that economic critiques express the limits of business sector agency, since the adoption of technical-economic schemes as common sense hinders the thematization of facts, experiences, and subjects outside the concepts of neoclassical economics.

Palabras clave : inequality; economy; elites; business sector; taxes; morality.

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