SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 issue74Towards an inclusive city? The effects of aesthetic-corporeal changes among transmasculine menConsidering middle-classes in Latin America: An update of old debates author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Íconos. Revista de Ciencias Sociales

On-line version ISSN 1390-8065Print version ISSN 1390-1249


ESCOBAR-JIMENEZ, Christian. Gender parity among authorities in the Ecuadorian system of high education. Íconos [online]. 2022, n.74, pp.139-158. ISSN 1390-8065.

In this article, the parity of genders is analyzed among authorities of the Ecuadorian system of higher education. The objective is to evaluate the temporal evolution of the incorporation of women into university leadership positions. University authorities are understood to be rectors, vice-rectors, and intermediate positions, such as deans, directors, and coordinators. For the theoretical discussion, the concepts of glass ceiling and vertical segregation are taken into account for explaining the findings. Two databases were analyzed that were constructed with information from reports that universities provide to the Board of Higher Education ( Consejo de Educación Superior), which regulates the system. With these data, a descriptive statistical characterization was developed of the relative composition of men and women in leadership positions, considering the following variables: academic title, age, type of institutional financing, time in the university, and time until promotion. The final two variables are necessary requirements for accessing a leadership position. It is shown that the relative composition of men in senior positions has been a tradition in Ecuadorian higher education, a situation that has been reverted in recent years, in particular in intermediate positions, but that has still not changed in terms of the most prominent positions, such as rectors.

Keywords : autoridades; Ecuador; educación superior; género; segregación vertical; techo de cristal.; authorities; Ecuador; higher education; gender; vertical segregation; glass ceiling.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )